This week Senator Joe Manchin (D-WV) signaled his opposition to President Joe Biden's plan to raise the corporate tax rate from 21 percent to 28 percent to fund infrastructure investments – and his intransigence could Protection of numerous private equity donors who funded his 2018 re-election campaign.
Another review of Manchin's campaign contributions shows that his stance on tax reform could also protect lucrative tax breaks that many of his biggest campaign beneficiaries in the legal industry received under President Donald Trump's 2017 Tax law. This legislation included a special tax cut for certain types of registered law firms.
Unlike Manchin's private equity donors, which include well-known names like Ares Management, the lawyers and attorneys who filled the senator's war chest belong largely to the inscrutable local law firm name soup unknown to most voters, such as the West Virginia law firm of Bailey, Javins & Carter, whose attorneys donated $ 6,400 to Manchin's 2018 re-election campaign.
But these donations have added up. As of 2015, Manchin has received nearly eight hundred contributions from attorneys in thirty-one states, averaging slightly less than $ 1,000 Bundestag Election Commission.
Overall, attorneys and law firms are the second largest source of fundraising for the Manchin Campaign Committee and PAC after securities and investment businesses. Since 2015, they have contributed more than $ 822,000, according to data OpenSecrets.
Manchin's largest individual source of money for law firms, Steptoe & Johnson, donated $ 23,100 to its 2018 re-election campaign, and the American Association for Justice, PAC, which advocates for trial attorneys and opposes tort law reform, donated $ 10,000 Dollar.
And all of these attorneys have a huge part in what happens to Biden's new tax plan.
Trump's tax cuts have been a financial godsend for lawyers. Before 2017, many law firms were taxed a Flat rate of 35 percent as "Personal Service Corporations" a common business start-up for smaller companies. The GOP Tax Act not only provided for a significant reduction in marginal tax rates for individual applicants, but also removed the flat rate for professional service companies so that these companies could be taxed at the new and reduced corporate tax rate of 21 percent.
For law firms organized as personal services companies, Trump's tax cuts have been lucrative. Changes to the tax code have lowered the corporate tax rate paid by companies below the individual tax rate paid by partners. The move came in handy as the revised tax code gave law firm members a variety of options to shield income that would otherwise be taxed at a higher rate. You could leave now Fringe benefits and rewards as expenses, as well as unpaid cash, could remain with the company to be reinvested, however the company decides.
In 2017, when Congress debated tax legislation, top lobbyists for the legal industry threw more Money behind Republicans, and industry as a whole more than spent $ 16 million about lobbying this year, most since 2011.
When it comes to tax reform, the fortunes of law firms and their corporate clients are intertwined as tax changes advocated by corporations and their law firm lobbyists benefit everyone involved. The lower corporate tax rates introduced by the GOP Tax Act have been a godsend for both large corporations and registered law firms.
At the same time, the lower marginal tax rates of the new law benefited partners in law firms organized as limited liability partnerships (LLPs), just as they have helped wealthy executives. This is because both LLPs and LLCs act as transit companies. This means that each member's salary and bonuses are segregated from the company and taxed as personal income.
Biden's new tax proposal would at least partially reverse Republican tax breaks. The plan would increase the company's rate to 28 percent, but it appears that the other fringe benefits made possible by the GOP's tax laws would remain in place. Compared to Obama-era tax rates, many companies would still receive a significant tax break, and for attorneys earning more than $ 163,000, the corporate tax rate will remain much lower than the marginal tax rate.
But even this limited attempt to reverse Trump's tax breaks could fail if Manchin succeeds in his opposition – a development that would benefit the lawyers and law firms who funded his campaign.
Manchin has signaled that it is not alone in rejecting the new tax plan, indicating that it may be "Six or Seven" other Democrats who have so far privately protested Biden's proposal. And he is by no means the only Democrat whose campaign fund is filled by lawyers.
The legal services industry is one of the Top provider to democratic lawmakers and candidates, especially in 2020, as Lawyers left the Republican Party. President Biden received more than $ 57 million from industry in 2020. Thirteen Senate Democrats, including former presidential candidates Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders, each received more than $ 1 million That same year, all of the Democrats are currently the top twenty law firm money recipients in the house.
This group includes Rep. Josh Gottheimer (D-NJ), a conservative Democrat who sided with Manchin against Biden's tax revision Axios: "We have to be careful not to do anything that is too big or too big in the midst of a pandemic and an economic crisis."
Since his election to the congress in 2017, Gottheimer has received more than $ 1.5 million in contributions from attorneys and law firms, more than almost any other member of the house.
When asked about his plan to raise the corporate tax rate to 28 percent on Wednesday, Biden said said Congress needs to figure out how to fund its infrastructure plan, but it also said it was "ready to negotiate".
Democrats' reliance on campaign money from the legal services industry underscores a larger problem facing the left with tax reform: how far can they levy taxes to fund progressive priorities when many of their largest donors are doing so well thanks to Trump's tax cuts?