BOISE — A newly revised financial analysis issued Wednesday found Reclaim Idaho’s updated education ballot initiative adheres to a new tax law the Legislature passed earlier this year.
Overall, the initiative would increase income taxes by $323.5 million beginning in the 2024 budget year.
The Division of Financial Management issued the fiscal impact statement late Wednesday afternoon, resolving confusion over how much the proposed initiative would cost and raise.
The initiative, which would boost funding for K-12 education, adheres to the the latest tax cut the Legislature passed this year, and then creates a new top tax bracket at 10.925% for individuals making more than $250,000 per year, according to a copy of the fiscal impact statement the Idaho Capital Sun obtained.
The education ballot initiative also increases corporate income taxes to 8% versus the new tax law that set the corporate tax rate at 6.5%.
The Division of Financial Analysis also found the initiative would reduce the state’s general fund by $661,200 in the 2024 budget year.
The initiative hit a snag earlier this week when the state released the initial fiscal impact statement, as required by law. The Idaho Capital Sun reported that the fiscal impact statement did not align with the updated ballot initiative language.
Reclaim Idaho officials submitted a request for a revised fiscal impact statement to the Idaho Secretary of State’s Office on Tuesday afternoon. The Secretary of State’s staff then hand-delivered the updated ballot initiative language to the Division of Financial Management to complete the analysis, which is called a fiscal impact statement, Deputy Secretary of State Chad Houck told the Idaho Capital Sun late Tuesday afternoon.
As a result of this issue, Houck said the Secretary of State’s Office has changed one of its policies and will ask legislators to consider changes to Idaho law to help prevent similar issues in the future.
Houck and Reclaim Idaho co-founder Luke Mayville said they are happy all sides are coming together to quickly work out a path forward. It took less than two days for Secretary of State’s Office, Division of Financial Management and Reclaim Idaho to work together to find a solution.
“We are pleased that we are able to work with the Secretary of State’s Office and the Division of Financial Management to resolve this issue,” Mayville said in a written statement Tuesday.
How did the ballot initiative issues begin?
The issue involves a ballot initiative that Reclaim Idaho officials hope to get on the 2022 ballot in Idaho.
Reclaim Idaho, the grassroots organization behind Idaho’s 2018 Medicaid expansion initiative, filed the Quality Education Act ballot initiative seeking to raise funding for Idaho’s K-12 public school system by increasing corporate income tax rates and increasing tax on individuals making more than $250,000.
Originally, Reclaim Idaho organizers announced the Secretary Of State’s Office gave them the go-ahead to begin collecting signatures last week. But they paused their signature gathering drive after Jair Carrero, an elections specialist with the Secretary of State’s Office, emailed them to point out the requirement for a fiscal impact statement.
A law passed by the Legislature in 2020 requires ballot initiatives to include an independent fiscal impact statement produced by the Division of Financial Management.
“The information received from the Office of the Secretary of State to proceed (collecting signatures) was premature,” Carrero wrote in Friday’s email.
The Division of Financial Management did release a fiscal impact statement for Reclaim Idaho’s original ballot language on Monday afternoon, as outlined in Idaho law.
But Reclaim Idaho had updated their ballot language based on the passage of a new law, House Bill 380, that the Legislature passed this year that made several changes to income tax brackets and rates.
That meant that the fiscal impact statement didn’t match the new ballot language Reclaim Idaho was moving forward with in its signature gathering campaign.
As a result, the fiscal impact statement showed passage of the ballot initiative would cost the average taxpayer about $400, which is mot what Reclaim Idaho officials wanted.
What caused the confusion?
The Secretary of State’s Office attempted to mail the Division of Financial Management a letter on April 29 requesting a fiscal impact statement for Reclaim Idaho’s education ballot initiative. The letter came back undeliverable. That mailing error ultimately resulted in the timelines for the ballot initiative’s review for two different parts of the state government getting out of synch, Houck said.
“One hundred percent, completely,” Houck said when asked if failure to have the letter delivered was responsible for most of the confusion. “It was the breaking of those synchronous timelines.”
In other words, two separate state reviews were now on different tracks.
While the Division of Financial Management was responsible for the fiscal impact statement, the Idaho Attorney General’s Office was completing a separate certificate of review of the ballot initiative, which is outlined in Idaho law. That process involves reviewing the initiative for form and style and what the state calls “substantive import” and recommending revisions or alterations.
Mayville said the Attorney General’s Office review flagged the passage of House Bill 380, which changed income tax laws and brackets. That bill had been introduced April 21, a few days before Reclaim Idaho filed its ballot initiative April 28, but it was not passed and signed into law until May 4. The new law also had a clause making it take effect retroactively on Jan. 1, 2021, whereas a typical new law would not take effect until July 1.
Based on the AG’s review, Reclaim Idaho officials made revisions to the ballot initiative to reflect the law’s passage. One of the biggest changes Reclaim Idaho made was to reduce the number of tax brackets in their initiative from seven to five, in line with House Bill 380, and then add a new tax bracket for individuals making more than $250,000.
However, the Secretary of State’s letter requested a fiscal impact statement on the original ballot language submitted, not the updated language.
Houck said state officials and Reclaim Idaho organizers found themselves in an unusual situation because the law does not address what happens when organizers of a ballot initiative make changes following an Attorney General’s Office certificate of review. The law simply state’s the Secretary of State “shall immediately transmit a copy of the petition” to the Division of Financial Management to complete the fiscal impact statement.
Houck emphasized that the Division of Financial Management followed Idaho law and did nothing wrong. The division provided the fiscal impact statement to the initiative language that the Secretary of State’s Office “immediately” sent to the division the day after Reclaim Idaho filed its original ballot initiative language April 28.
Division of Financial Management Administrator Alex Adams said this is the seventh fiscal impact statement the division has prepared since the 2020 law took effect.
“While time consuming, I’m proud of the work of our state economists in using the best available evidence to develop accurate fiscal notes within the time constraints imposed by law,” Adams said in a written statement Monday afternoon. “ We believe these fiscal impact statements will help voters as they consider the merits of future initiatives.”
Idaho Secretary of State’s Office changes policy
Houck told the Idaho Capital Sun the Secretary of State’s Office no longer mails out requests to the Division of Financial Management for a fiscal impact statement because of the problem with the letter being returned undeliverable in this case.
“That is why we are delivering all those by hand,” Houck said.
He said the Secretary of State’s Office made the policy change “as soon as we got one back (returned undeliverable)”
“It’s the only time it’s ever happened,” Houck said. “At that point, we had no idea that would eventually lead to this conversation where we are now.”
Houck also said the Secretary of State’s Office will recommend legislators review laws dealing with fiscal impact statements. The law doesn’t address what happens if the two review timelines are broken and it “gives no clear indication” to provide a new fiscal impact statement if the ballot language is updated or revised.
“It’s definitely something we need to take a look at from a statutory standpoint,” Houck said.
As for the Secretary of State’s Office giving Reclaim Idaho the go-ahead to begin collecting signatures, Houck said, “That was a clerical error on our end and that is why it was addressed immediately.”
Given all that, Houck said he is happy the parties agreed to resolve the issue.
“This ultimately is the best resolution we could have come to, especially given how small of a timeline we were looking at to address it,” Houck said. “Here is what we’re trying to make happen; we’re asking Mr. Mayville for an advancing of trust, if you will.”